The beauty of abstract art is that it is in the eye of the beholder. It is generally called a visual language associated with color, line and form and it does not necessarily conform to any visual references. As with art works from the Renaissance to the middle of the 1800’s, the main goal of the artist was to replicate a visual reality such as American artist Frederic Remington’s work did with the early American West.
Abstract Art Explained
Abstract art moved away from reality with the departure being either slightly or partially for completely. Total abstraction actually bears no indication of anything recognizable. The beauty of abstraction is the creation of a beauty sensation rather than the portrayal of objects.
Early Abstract Expressionists
One group of early abstract artists was the expressionist painters who used daring paint surfaces, sketching pictures with distortions and overstatements in vivid colors. Many considered the expressionist movement to be an American phenomena that really took root in post World War II and was found primarily in New York City. The early paintings were the drip paintings which were done by dripping paint on canvas which was laid on the floor such as those done by artist Jackson Pollock. During the late 1940’s Jackson Pollock’s painting methods transformed all contemporary art by redefining how art was to be produced. He took painting away from just easel painting and moved to the concept of placing the raw canvas on the floor where the artist could proceed using all four sides of the canvas by placing artist materials and industrial materials on the canvas as well as using linear paint drips or paint being thrown on it. Other forms included drawing, staining or brushing in both imagery and non-imagery concepts. Thus, the boundaries of art were expanded creating a new type of work in art.
Recognition of Expressionism
Abstract expressionism soon became an illustration of ideas concerning the spiritual, the unconscious and the mind and the style. It was recognized in the art world more readily during the 1950’s.
As abstract expressionism’s creation of new artwork waned in the early 1970’s, it was clear this art movement would retain high value with many collectors through time. It was still considered as an effort for the artist to show their feelings and emotions with strong dependence on what emerges from accident or chance even though there was great planning for the creation. Spontaneity was always the artists approach to the work.
Many pieces of abstract expression can be found in the contemporary section of art museums throughout the United States.
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